Topografia este stiinta care, sprijinindu-se pe reteaua geodezica,  indeseste punctele de sprijin pentru a putea determina pozitia punctelor de detaliu de pe suprafata terestra. Spre deosebire de masuratorile geodezice,  ridicarile topografice se realizeaza pe suprafete mici si ca urmare nu sunt influentate de sfericitatea Pamantului.
Pentru executarea studiilor topografice folosim aparatura si personal calificat, statiile totale si sistemele GPS  folosite sunt  de mare precizie :
Aplicatii ale topografiei :
– Ridicari  topografice
– Planuri de situatie si amplasament
– Nivelment de precizie
– Masuratori de control
– Calcul de suprafete
– Modelarea terenului
– Curbe de nivel
– Profile longitudinale si transversale
– Trasari si verticalizari
– Cartarea utilitatilor urbane
– Relevee in constructii
– Nivelment de mare precizie
– Determinarea rapida si exacta a coordonatelor X,Y
– Obtinerea si indesirea retelelor topografice de baza
– Determinarea limitelor de proprietate – agricole, forestiere, etc.
– Delimitarea zonelor de interes – lacuri, limite de paduri, terenuri agricole, etc.
– Monitorizarea deplasarilor in timp
– Ridicari topografice
– Consultanta si executie de documentatii cadastrale in vederea inscrierii in cartea funciara

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